Birth Control Medications List: Hormonal Oral Contraceptives
The key priority of modern medicine during development of new birth control medication list is taking care of your women’s reproductive health, her protection and promotion of safe motherhood. It is not secret that USA takes one of the first places where women prefer to do abortion than give a birth. It’s used be that abortion was only a surgery that like any other surgery could be very dangerous for a woman. To prevent any harm to your body it is better to prevent abortion and unwanted pregnancy at all by using quality birth control medications.
Current medicine offers a variety of contraceptive methods, and a woman can always choose what methods and medications to use to prevent unwanted pregnancy. The decision on the choice of contraceptive methods or birth control medications preferably has to be proved by your doctor. Only a qualified professional can assess the health status of women, to determine the indications of a contraceptive method, offer the best birth control medication from the list of all existing birth control pills.
Hormonal oral contraceptives as one of the most powerful in birth control medications list
In the United States over the past decade the use of hormonal contraceptives increased in 5 times. Reliability, ease of use, minimal side effects, a beneficial effect on the organs and systems of a female body are the main reasons why women all over the world choose from the orally taken birth control medications’ list. Women give preference today hormonal oral contraceptives as the most effective. The combined pills are the so-called “gold” standards of contraception. Their effectiveness is usually 99%.
Efficiency of birth control pills is estimated by counting the number of specialists with unplanned pregnancies during the year for every 100 women.
The latest birth control medications list contains the small dosages of hormones at the same time their efficiency and reliability have been maintained – in such way they became even more efficient than the first birth control tablets. What are the latest birth control medications in the list:
- The acquisition of new analogues of female sex hormones – levonorgestrel;
- There progestogens III generation – desogestrel and gestodene;
- The latest contraceptives are mini pills, not containing progestogen.
Supplementation with a low concentration of hormones taken along with these birth control medications helps to reduce side effects and complications.
All birth control pills depending on the dosage of hormones, divided into the following types:
In monophase hormonal contraceptives daily dose of the active components is constant, and the composition may vary. It is understood that monophase preparations consist of tablets with the same dose of hormones. These tablets are the same color used for the same course. By popular monophase contraceptives include: Cilest, Novynette, Mercilon and Rigevidon.
Biphasic preparations suggest changing doses of hormones twice during the course of treatment; three-phase – three times, respectively. Typically, such pill for one course has a different color. The most popular two-phase birth control medications in the list are Tri-Cyclen, Thri-merci, Triziston.
Depending on the dosage of the active constituents, birth control medications list is divided into 4 types:
1. Mini pill
These birth control medications contain the minimum dose of the hormone of ethinylestradiol. Side effects associated with their use – is minimal. In some cases, they have the ability to remove the background of hormonal acne (especially in adolescence), painful menstruation. These pills are best suited for young girls up to 25 years old who have a regular sex life. The most popular are Thri-merci, Mercilon, Novynette.
2. Low-dose birth control pills
The formulations contain the same ethinylestradiol, but in combination with various hormones, desogestrel, gestodene, norgestimate or levonorgestrel. These birth control pills are recommended for young women. In addition to the contraceptive action, these agents have a pronounced anti-androgenic effect: help remove unwanted hair growth on the face, prevent the appearance of acne and hair loss on the background of hormonal imbalance. Popular pills in this category are Yasmin and Femodene.
3. Middle-dose pill
As a rule, contain two hormones ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel. Less may comprise other combinations of hormones. A middle-dose pill designed for women giving birth, especially those older than 30 years. They also have anti-androgenic effect, which is important for women who have not recovered from pregnancy and childbirth. Popular pills are Cilest.
4. High-dose birth control medications
In its composition are ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel, but only in high doses. Such means primarily used for the treatment and prevention of hormonal disorders. Contraceptives of this type may be taken by women older than 35 years. These pills include Levlen and Milvane.
Please, visit a doctor if you have any problem with the choice of birth control medications from the list of available ones.