When it comes to erectile tissue, people often think about the sexual arousal. However, the tissue can also be an indicator of whether you tell the truth. When a person is lying, the erectile tissue in his nose is actively supplied with blood. As a result, the liar’s nose becomes red.
Erectile tissue is a part of not only the genitals in both men and women. The tissue is also located deep in the mucosa of inferior turbinates that are located on the lower edge of the middle turbinate in the posterior areas of the middle and upper turbinates.
The erectile tissue in the nose acts as a kind of air conditioning unit:
- it provides blood supply to the glomus vessels;
- it allows you to feel a variety of scents and flavors;
- it plays an important role in the regulation of air temperature and humidity, directed into the lungs.
Telling lies requires large amounts of mental effort. When a person tells a lie, he experiences psychological and emotional excitement. Stress creates additional burden for many systems of the body, including the nervous and cardiovascular system.
Lies in conjunction with emotional stress contribute to the heart rate increase. Enhanced heart function increases blood flow to all organs of the body. No other organ of the human body is supplied with blood in such abundance, as the nasal cavity.
The erectile tissue plays the main role in blood supply of the nasal cavity. Redness of the turbinates is a sign of excessive blood supply to the erectile tissue in the nose. You can identify a lying person by such features, as:
- redness of the nose;
- touching the nose, scratching;
- shortness of breath, nasal congestion, sneezing.
Itchy nose, sneezing and shortness of the liar’s breath is explained by the release of histamine, which occurs due to the increased blood supply to the turbinates. Increased blood pressure leads to a release of adrenaline. External signs of elevated adrenaline levels are reddening of the face (especially the nose), anxiety, and stress.
Redness of the nose is not only a sign that a person tells a lie. Violation of the tone of blood vessels of the erectile tissue in the nose can cause a number of the upper respiratory tract diseases, the most serious of which is idiopathic rhinitis.
Vasospasm of the erectile tissue in the nose and the appearance of the idiopathic rhinitis occur under the influence of the sympathetic nervous system. The activity of the sympathetic nervous system increases during exercise, and leads to a contraction of the erectile tissue in the nose and an increase of airflow volume that passes through the nose. The influence of impulses from the parasympathetic nervous system leads to vessels dilation of the erectile tissue in the nose.
Causes and risk factors of idiopathic rhinitis include:
- cold-related diseases;
- deformation of the nasal septum;
- excessive alcohol consumption;
- antihypertensive drugs;
- hormonal changes during pregnancy.
In concomitant risk factors, the vessels of the erectile tissue in the nose dilate, when the body is in a horizontal position. The overcharging of vessels with blood in a lying person leads to a sharp enlargement of the mucous membrane thickness and the size of the turbinates. At the same time, the permeability of the capillary walls increases and blood plasma penetrates into the space between the mucosal cells.
Troubled nasal breathing is associated with impaired blood supply to the erectile tissue in the nose. Lying person often gets nasal congestion of either one or another side of the nose. A s a rule, the congestion of one or the other nostril manifests when a person is lying on his side, or changes the body position.
Blood supply of the erectile tissue in the nose increases in a lying person, and the blood rushes to the nasal cavity. Vessels of the erectile tissue in the nose that are in a relaxed state, due to loss of tone, overflow with blood, which causes a nose congestion. When you change your body position, congestion switches to the other side.
In the supine position, the mucosa rapidly fills with fluid, which results into a swelling. As a result, the lying person can breathe only through his mouth. As soon as he takes the upright position, mucosal swelling subsides quickly and the nasal breathing restores.
An expressed enlargement of the nasal cavities, in which the difficulty of nasal breathing is already clearly noticeable, is a pathological condition, and namely, the neurovegetative form of the idiopathic rhinitis.
Violation of airflow in the upper respiratory tract is a major clinical problem. Violation of the blood supply to erectile tissue in the nose causes breathing difficulties, sleep disturbances, and reduced life quality.
Idiopathic rhinitis is very dangerous for infants. Since babies spend most of their lives in a lying position, the erectile tissue in their nose is often overloaded with blood.
Because of the narrowness and the small size of the nasal cavity, even a slight swelling of the mucosa in newborns causes disturbance or complete cessation of nasal breathing. The reduction of the nasal airflow results in a dramatically more difficult and impossibility of breastfeeding, disturbed sleep, weight loss and restlessness of the newborn.
To improve nasal breathing and treat the symptoms of the idiopathic rhinitis, doctors use drugs, called nasal decongestants. Medications provide a temporary improvement of the nasal patency and decrease the tone of the vessels of the erectile tissue in the nose. One to three drops of the drug should be instilled into each nostril of the lying person, at the intervals of 4-6 hours.