Antibiotics for abscess

Antibiotics are medications that are used to treat various diseases and pathologies (including abscess), caused by bacterial infections. Pharmaceutical effect of antibiotics is directed to kill pathogenic microorganisms or at least stop their multiplication.

According to world analysts, market of antibiotic drugs is the most dynamic and rapidly growing one in the pharmaceutical business. High demand arises because pathogenic organisms become resistant to antibiotics, which forces pharmaceutical companies develop new antibiotics. This review on antibiotics for abscesses will help you gain insight into the world tendencies.

Before you buy and start using antibiotics for abscesses of tissues, you must make sure the disease was caused by bacterial infection. If abscess was caused by fungi or viruses, then antibacterial therapy is ineffective. The most common bacteria, causing abscess are:

  • Streptococcus
  • Actinomyces
  • Clostridium
  • Enterobacter
  • Fusobacterium
  • Haemophilus influenza

Until person is healthy, pathogenic microbes multiply slowly and his immune system can neutralize them effectively. However, the immune system function is affected by many external factors. Weak immune system is powerless against the growth and multiplication of bacteria.

When bacteria reach critical numbers, the body is poisoned by bacterial toxins. To kill bacteria, our immune system starts working in extreme mode. If the immune system cannot inhibit the activity of bacteria, people should use one of the types of antibiotics.

Usually, abscess is accompanied by such symptom as local or general increase in body temperature. Other symptoms of abscess are:

  • Pain
  • Weakness
  • Malaise

The first sign of abscess is redness and subsequent purulent inflammation of the tissues. The earlier you start using antibiotics for abscess of the tissues, the more effective and faster the treatment goes.

Abscess is easy to diagnose if it is visible with the naked eye (on arm for example). It is much more difficult to diagnose abscess in the brain, muscles or internal organs. In this case, after diagnosis of an abscess, patient should initiate the antibacterial therapy as soon as possible.

The final phase is abscess rupture and release of pus. Spontaneous tissue rupture releases the pus fluid. If inflammation does not occur again and there are no other side effects of abscess, a scar is formed.

Surface skin abscesses release the pus and thus are not dangerous for health. Abscess of internal organs can provoke the formation of new purulent processes due to the release of pus in the body cavity.

Treatment of abscesses of internal organs often involves surgery, which should be conducted at hospital. A doctor should open the abscess cavities and remove pus (puncture). Using Ultrasound, a doctor can insert antibiotics inside the abscess cavity.

Antibiotics for skin abscess

Pathogenic microorganisms are the main reason of skin abscess (for example, Streptococcus). There are several routes of getting bacteria in the body – infection of local site, microscopic skin lesions, hematomas, purulent infections, etc.

It is no secret that prevention of disease is the best way to avoid dangerous consequences. In case of skin lesions (cuts, splinters, bruises) man should clean up his wound from dirt and foreign substances. Antiseptic means allow to neutralize hazardous microorganisms.

If prophylaxis did not help to avoid suppuration, you should choose one of the treatment types. Progression of abscess usually requires using of one or several antibiotics.

Patients with skin abscesses do not need a surgery as a rule. Medicamental method is also effective for purulent lesions of the mouth cavity. Antibiotics for abscess in the mouth and teeth help to stop the inflammation and eliminate the center of infection.

The choice of antibiotics for abscess of the skin depends on the severity of the disease and overall health. When doctor prescribes antibiotics, he should take into account:

  • The type of bacterial infection
  • State of immune system
  • Allergy to antibiotic drugs
  • Comorbidities (heart, liver, kidneys)

You can buy antibiotics for abscess on the skin in the form of pills or ointment for external use. If a patient has only one center of infection on the skin, then it is better to use antibiotics for local use. Mupirocin is one of such drugs.

Mupirocin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic, which suppresses the ability of bacteria to multiply. The drug is supplied in the form of cream or ointment. At the USA pharmacies, you can buy Mupirocin antibiotic under the original trade name Bactroban and Centany.

In addition, the FDA approved some more generic drugs, containing Mupirocin active substance. The marketing authorization owners are the following pharmaceutical companies: Teva, Perrigo New York, Taro, Fougera and Glenmark. Prices on Mupirocin generic drugs can differ significantly. Therefore, before you buy antibiotics, please check out the prices at several pharmacies.

At Australian and UK pharmacies, Mupirocin is sold under the name Bactroban (cream, ointment and nasal ointment). In Great Britain, you can buy the same medications under international nonproprietary name Mupirocin from such pharmaceutical companies as S&M Medical, Chemilines, Lexon and Focus.

With stronger skin lesions, a systemic antibiotic therapy is conducted. In such cases, a short-term or medium-term use of oral antibiotic drugs is recommended. The most prescribed and effective oral antibiotics are:

  • Linezolid
  • Amoxicillin
  • Clindamycin
  • Levofloxacin
  • Moxifloxacin
  • Cephalosporins

Oral antibiotics are supplied in tablets or capsules. In addition to antibiotics for oral intake, there are solutions for injections. If you want to buy antibiotics for abscess treatment, but you have no idea what pharmaceutical form to use, consult a pharmacist please.