Planned parenthood and birth control are two interrelated problems studied throughout the world. In developed countries, these problems are as important as in developing countries.
The role of developed countries in solving these two issues dominates and it is impossible to overestimate its importance. Exactly in the developed countries (including the USA and Canada), millions of dollars are annually spent on the study of family planning issue and solution of birth control problem.
Due to such researches, it is possible more clearly to structure the problems arising during the planned parenthood and to offer new ways to solve them.
Improved methods of birth control are necessary first of all to meet the changing needs of men and women over the course of their reproductive lives.
Features of demographic development of the society exert a huge influence on the change of planned parenthood principles and development of new birth control options. One of the signs of significant demographic changes is a decline in rates of teen pregnancy and pregnancy in young reproductive age.
Due to the rapid development of information and telecommunications technologies, young women are well informed about the economic and social benefits of planned parenthood.
In addition, modern women well understand that birth control is not just a method of preventing pregnancy, but also a way to maintain a good reproductive health and fertility.
Herewith, modern women have unlimited access to information about safe and effective birth control options. Therefore, if desired, they can compare different methods of preventing pregnancy without the aid of specialist at planned parenthood.
Birth control (contraception) is necessary as long as the woman retains the ability to bear children. During planned parenthood, it is important to remember that the period of birth control should be used to prepare for the child’s birth. An obligatory condition for the birth of a healthy baby is a good health of the mother.
If there is a need to take any medicines for improving the overall health, the woman should choose the method of birth control, which will not affect efficacy and safety of the used medicines.
It should be noted that the period of family planning could be:
- Short-term (several months)
- Medium-term (several years)
- Long-term (five years or more)
If the woman does not plan pregnancy in the long-term, she can choose intrauterine device (IUD) or hormonal implants as a long-term method of birth control.
For long-term planned parenthood, IUD containing copper (brand: ParaGard) or IUD containing the analogue of progestin hormone Levonorgestrel (brands: Mirena, Skyla) can be used.
The advantage of the copper-containing IUD is that the contraceptive effect lasts up to ten years. A key disadvantage of such IUD is in the fact that its efficiency is lower than that of IUD containing Levonorgestrel.
IUD for birth control containing Levonorgestrel is more effective than copper-containing intrauterine contraceptives. However, duration of the contraceptive effect of hormonal intrauterine device is 5 years.
By comparing different IUD, it can be concluded that both hormonal and non-hormonal intrauterine methods for birth control have distinctive features.
Knowing the advantages and disadvantages of different types of IUD, the woman can choose the contraceptive method for planned parenthood, which suits her the most.
It should be noted that the intrauterine method of preventing pregnancy is not the most effective method of long-term contraception. As an alternative to IUD, hormonal implants (brands: Jadelle, Norplant) can be used.
Subcutaneous implants provide a prolonged contraceptive effect, lasting up to five years. Despite the fact that the effectiveness of implants is higher than the effectiveness of any other hormonal contraceptives, not many women use implants during planned parenthood.
Birth control using hormonal implants is not very popular only because most women are afraid to insert an implant under the skin. Therefore, the most popular method of hormonal birth control is still oral contraception.
The benefits of birth control pills is that they are cheaper than other hormonal contraceptive medicines. Other benefits of birth control pills are easy to use and have a fairly high efficiency.
It is also important the fact that oral hormonal contraceptives (brands: Loryna, Marlissa, Quartette, Seasonale, Yaz, Quasense, Plan B, Loseasonique, Cyclessa, Kelnor) are available on online pharmacies without a prescription. Therefore, a refill on your birth control prescription is not needed throughout the period of planned parenthood.