The attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a widespread disturbance of the nervous system development, in which problems are observed with concentration, memory and behavior.
Concomitant diseases are often identified in patients with ADHD. These create certain difficulties for patients and further reduce their life quality.
The list of diseases associated with ADHD includes bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis and severe kidney diseases that disrupt the normal functioning of the brain.
According to several researchers, there is a direct relationship between the hyperactive behavior of children and the presence of food allergies.
It is suggested that the mediators of inflammation produced by the body in response to the action of the allergen pass through the blood-brain barrier and activate certain areas of the brain. This leads to impulsiveness and behavioral disorders.
Another disease that can accompany ADHD is the violation of visual-motor coordination. This type of coordination is a complex cognitive ability, which is especially important for a normal development of a child and his schooling.
Issues with visual and motor coordination can adversely affect a variety of activities that are carried out by both children and adults.
This can be expressed through the problems in the professional area, as well as difficulties in learning at school or university, and issues in coping with everyday life.
With this disorder, children have difficulties with engaging in sports activities. According to experts, sports help to reduce the motor activity of the child, yet it can not get him rid of the attention deficit.
Coordination of large movements can be broken in some people with ADHD, and they can be “clumsy”. Weak motor coordination manifests itself through random chaotic movements.
As a rule, children and adolescents with this syndrome experience significant difficulties in performing movements that require a high degree of automatism.
Such mental and emotional disorders, like depression and anxiety, are also diseases that accompany ADHD.
Violations of speech and school skills (dysgraphia, dyslexia) that are inherent in many children with this syndrome make them experience nervousness during the educational process.
ADHD may sometimes be accompanied by Tourette’s syndrome. It is a neurological disorder, which is characterized by repeating muscular or vocal tics.
Different studies have shown that ADHD may be accompanied by such a dangerous brain disease, as epilepsy. The data obtained allowed to establish a close relationship between epilepsy and this pathological condition.
Although many researchers recognize the primary role of epilepsy in the ADHD development, it is impossible in most of the studies conducted to establish which of the diseases occurs primarily.
Thus, this syndrome affects the psychosocial aspect of patients’ life and influences their health condition.
No matter which disease accompanies ADHD, before a patient begins treatment, he requires a complete diagnostic examination and measures to be implemented in order to reduce the causes of this pathological condition.